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En réponse à :


njama njama 26 juin 2013 16:13

GENÈSE AFRICAINE DE LA VACCINATION

« An African slave named Onesimus taught the idea to Cotton Mather ... » (cité ci-dessus voir Zabdiel Boyston)

Onesimus (fl. 1706 - 1717), slave and medical pioneer ...

Little is known of Onesimus after he purchased his freedom, but in 1721 Cotton Mather used information he had learned five years earlier from his former slave to combat a devastating smallpox epidemic that was then sweeping Boston. In a 1716 letter to the Royal Society of London, Mather proposed “ye Method of Inoculation” as the best means of curing smallpox and noted that he had learned of this process from “my Negro-Man Onesimus, who is a pretty Intelligent Fellow” (Winslow, 33). Onesimus explained that he had undergone an Operation, which had given him something of ye Small-Pox, and would forever preserve him from it, adding, That it was often used among [Africans] and whoever had ye Courage to use it, was forever free from ye Fear of the Contagion. He described ye Operation to me, and showed me in his Arm ye Scar.” (Winslow, 33)

http://dubois.fas.harvard.edu/onesimus-fl-1706-1717-slave-and-medical-pioneer-was-born


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